The Causes Of Asthma

Causes Of Asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease in the airways of the lungs. The cause of asthma is unknown. However, experts believe, asthma, genetic and environmental factors (eg family history of viral infections in infancy and early exposure to allergens) can cause asthma or fewer people who are sensitive to asthma triggers. But no one knows why some people with asthma and others do not. Allergies are often associated with asthma. However, not all allergic people have asthma. Although the causes of asthma are not known, doctors discovered two major reasons why the symptoms of asthma: Inflammation

If you have asthma, the mountain – or wall – inflammation of the airways (or swelling). This makes the airways sensitive to causing irritation and inflammation in asthma. swelling of the airways narrow, making it difficult for air (oxygen) through the airways and inhibit breathing in and out. Please visit here 

Airway Constriction

To further complicate the situation, some contact with water, asthma, the respiratory muscle around the airways narrow. This makes the airways narrow, and even provide a sense of tightness in the chest as the rope tightened around him. Mucus in the airways that leads to the granting of loss can breathe better.

The trigger that causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways can vary for different people. What is known is that, if the airway is associated with one of the many factors that cause asthma, inflammation, mucus, cut and fill. increase in respiratory mucosa, leading to a narrow airway.

Asthma results:

Pollen

Dust mites, cockroaches

Mold

Pet hair and dander

Changes in weather (especially cold air)

Respiratory tract infections

Cigarette smoke

Stress and Emotions

Exercise and physical activity

Allergic reactions, to food or sulfites (food preservative)

Heartburn / Acid Reflux

Certain medications (aspirin, beta blockers)

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that develop in the uterus.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that develop in the uterus. They are the most common pelvic tumor, affecting as many as one in five women during their childbearing years. Doctors aren’t sure what causes fibroids, but it is thought that the hormones estrogen and progesterone encourage them to grow. fibroids usually affect women over the age of 30. They are rare in women under 20 and often shrink and cause no symptoms in women who have gone through menopause. Please visit this link http://health20eu.com/most-problems-of-the-complications-pregnancy/

Symptoms and Tests

Most women who develop uterine fibroids are unaware of them because they often cause no symptoms. They may be discovered incidentally during another medical procedure or regular pelvic examination.

When symptoms of uterine fibroids do occur, they may include:

Heavy, long period

Cramping

Pain during intercourse

Back pain

An increase in urinary frequency

A pelvic examination may show an irregularly shaped or enlarged uterus.

Normally, this diagnosis is reliable. However, in some cases, an ultrasound will be used to help a doctor see how large the fibroids are and where they are growing.

Treatment

Treatment for uterine fibroids varies depending on age, overall health, the severity of symptoms, and fibroid size and location.

If symptoms are mild, a regularly scheduled pelvic exam may be enough to monitor the growth of fibroids. In many cases, uterine fibroids cause no medical problems and thus require no treatment.

However, if they do grow to the point of causing symptoms such as pain and heavy bleeding, treatments for uterine fibroids may include:

Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) to help control heavy periods

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) that release the hormone progestin to help reduce heavy bleeding and pain

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen for cramps or pain

Iron supplements to prevent or treat anemia due to heavy periods

Other types of hormonal therapy or surgery can also be used to treat more severe cases of uterine fibroids.

Most problems of The Complications Pregnancy

Complications Pregnancy

Most problem Complications Pregnancy are considered normal, but the degree of complication can occur very severe, many complications will be found through monitoring and inspection of a normal pregnancy. but it is important to know the dangers and risks of pregnancy and what symptoms are there.

KOM li Kasi that there is some common during pregnancy: Complications of Amniotic Fluid volume of fluid that is too much or too little in the amniotic sac that surrounds the baby can lead to problems during pregnancy. Too much fluid can cause excessive pressure on the uterus of pregnant women, which then led to labor can not occur normally or lead to preterm labor, otherwise, it is too much amniotic fluid also resulted in the diaphragm pressure in pregnant women and maternal effects resulting difficulty in breathing. More info about baby products.

Pregnant women who have a high emotional level, incompatible blood types between infants and mothers, or suffering from uncontrolled diabetes are at greater risk for having too much fluid amniotic.

Too little amniotic fluid can result in babies born disabled, mental retardation, stunted growth, and can cause death in infants who are born.

Bleeding

Exit spots (also called spotting) is a mild bleeding that can occur anytime during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. About 20% of pregnant women experience spotting in the first trimester. This could be a natural part of pregnancy, but it is important to ensure beforehand that no complications occur.

Bleeding is a common sign of miscarriage so that every pregnant woman who was bleeding from the vagina should immediately consult with a healthcare provider. Conducted by Sita above are correct. If you experience severe pain or bleeding a lot and can not immediately see a doctor/midwife and went directly to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at the hospital to get help.

Bleeding during late pregnancy bias is a sign of placental complications or infection of the vagina or cervix. women who experience bleeding during late pregnancy have a greater region fetal loss and excessive bleeding

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is fetal growth outside the womb. Ectopic means “out of place” and can occur in the fallopian tubes, An Ectopic pregnancy occurs in one in 40 pregnancies and can be very dangerous for pregnant women.

may be symptoms such as spotting and abdominal pain. if not addressed promptly, Ectopic pregnancy can rupture the time but this can result in severe bleeding and life-threatening. to overcome this is usually done to remove the fetus at operas abort a pregnancy

Miscarriage

Spontaneous miscarriage is the loss of the fetus during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy and usually as there are abnormalities in the fetus. spotting and intense cramping may include the symptoms.

To know that there has been a miscarriage, it can be done by ultrasound. usually, the fetus and uterine contents can go out alone with nature, but if this process does not occur then a procedure called dilation and curettage (D & C) mankind needs to be done

Placental Complications

The placenta is firmly attached to the upper inner wall of the uterus during normal pregnancy. In some cases, the placenta becomes either partially or completely detached from the uterine wall (placenta), causing bleeding and a reduction of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. The placenta occurs in about one in every 120 live births and is most common in women who smoke, have high blood pressure, have multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, or more), and/or in women who have had previous children or a history of the placenta.

In a normal pregnancy, the placenta is located at the top of the uterus. However, sometimes the placenta is attached very low in the uterus, close to or above the cervix (the opening of the uterus). This condition is called placenta previa and occurs more often in women who have to scar of the uterine wall from previous pregnancies, in women who have fibroids or other abnormalities in the uterus, or in women who have had previous uterine surgery.

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a condition characterized by pregnancy due to high blood pressure, protein in the urine, and swelling (edema) due to fluid retention. The cause of preeclampsia is unknown, but is more common in first pregnancies; in women older than 40; in women with high blood pressure that already exists, diabetes or kidney disease, or the woman carrying the fetus. It affects about seven to 10 percent of all pregnant women.

Symptoms of preeclampsia can include:

  • Severe swelling of the hands, face, and ankles
  • High blood pressure
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Stomach ache
  • Nausea or shortness of breath

Any symptoms of preeclampsia should be reported to your doctor immediately. The only way to cure preeclampsia is to deliver the baby. Treatment options aim to reduce the severity of symptoms or to ensure the healthy development of infants.

BSC Guidelines for Healthy Beautiful Skin

Healthy Beautiful Skin

Guidelines for Healthy Beautiful Skin

1) Remember to protect your skin from the sun every day. Apply an SPF 15 or greater sunscreen on exposed skin and wear protective clothing – hats, cover-ups. Apply your sunscreen 20 minutes before going out into the sun. If you are in the sun for very long, remember to reapply your sunscreen. Try using a body moisturizing lotion that has a little self-tanner included keeping that summer glow instead of tanning. You will be glad you did.

2) Do Not Smoke! –Smoking is very harmful to your skin and to your entire body. Smoking impairs circulation to the skin and robs it of needed oxygen. This increases damage to the skin’s collagen and elastic which are vital for skin fullness and elasticity. If you do smoke, please, please try to quit. We know it is very hard, but quitting will do so much not only for your skin, but your entire life.

3) Try to eat healthily. Your skin needs nutrition with antioxidants just like the rest of your body. If your skin is not looking good, this may be an early warning sign as to the condition of your overall health. Supplying your skin from the inside with vitamins, anti-oxidants, and water is probably more important than anything you could put on your skin. All the anti-aging skin care creams in the world will not make up for an unhealthy diet.

4) Keep yourself hydrated. Try to drink plenty of water for your skin and overall health.

5) Get plenty of rest. Your skin needs the down time too.I know this can be tough for many of you. Your schedules don’t always allow for 8 hours of quality sleep. Sleep is important though, not only for your skin but again for your total health. If you have trouble sleeping, please see your physician. Ignoring the problem will not help. You will be much happier and stress-free if you are getting a good night sleep.

6) Reduce stress for your skin and your happiness.

7) Get some exercise. Sweating is good for your skin. Walk, bike, play tennis or go to the gym.

Any moderate excise will help to:

Increase circulation to your skin bringing in vital nutrients

Eliminate toxins from your skin and body

Reduce your stress which will help your skin

Help you get a good night sleep

Break up those pockets of cellulite that make your skin look lumpy

Exercise can be very beneficial in reducing acne breakouts too.

8) Wash your face twice a day. We know we told you this one before, but it is worth repeating. Leaving makeup and the day’s grime on your face harms your skin. Plus you want a fresh face to put your anti-aging skin care products on so they absorb fully. Even if you have dry skin, all you need is the right cleanser that will help with the dryness.

9) Less alcohol consumption is better for your skin.

We don’t want to nag… and we know these are all the guidelines you probably did not want to hear. Nevertheless, they are important not only for beautiful skin but for your general health, so please follow these guidelines the best you can.

The big surprises of the glycemic index

glycemic index

The big surprises of the glycemic index

Most carbohydrate foods have been tested in diabetics whose blood sugar was stabilized and healthy people which have developed an international table of glycemic index for over 1,000 foods rich in carbohydrates. When viewing this table, several values are surprising.

Refined foods like a white baguette, white rice, breakfast cereal type cornflakes or, puffed rice have a high GI or very high as well as chocolate bars, pastries, some cakes. It is also the case of potatoes especially when fried or mashed.

The second surprise for fructose, dark chocolate, and ice cream. Despite their sweet taste, they do not climb glucose as expected.

Conversely, minimally processed foods such as bread and rice complete, pasta, oatmeal and basmati rice have moderate to low GI.

Most fruits (except ripe bananas) have a moderate GI.

All vegetables and legumes (lentils, peas, beans, bulgur) have a relatively low GI. Check out here for more info about health.

GI OF SOME COMMON FOODS

(With glucose standard)

Foods with low GI (<55)

  • Pasta & Noodles
  • Lentils
  • Apples and apple juice
  • Pears
  • Oranges and orange juice
  • Grapes
  • Low-fat yoghurt
  • Beans
  • Chocolate

Foods with medium GI

  • Basmati Rice
  • Banana
  • Oatmeal
  • Soft drinks
  • Sweetcorn
  • Pineapple
  • Sugar

Foods with high GI (> 70)

  • Bread (white or brown)
  • Baked potato
  • Cornflakes
  • Chips
  • Mashed Potatoes
  • White rice

 

The glycemic index concept is sweeping the simple sugars/carbohydrates

Action stations in the world of nutrition. A myth collapses: the potato, fried or pureed, no more than a slow sugar bread, white rice or corn flakes. These foods cause a sudden rise in blood sugar. Also higher than pure glucose.

For years, it has been separated from their only carbohydrate chemical structure. It pitted and simple sugars (glucose, sucrose, fructose etc..) Who were also qualified of simple sugars, complex sugars (starch-based foods) that are called carbohydrates. It was thought that logically simple sugars (small molecules) were rapidly absorbed and that unlike complex carbohydrates, they were digested slowly and gradually liberated glucose in the blood.

Using the glycemic index, it was discovered that he had not.

Now the terms of simple sugars and complex sugars should be used because they do not correspond to physiological reality.

All carbohydrates are simple or complex they cause a spike in blood glucose 30 minutes after ingestion. Only the amplitude of this peak is more or less. This amplitude does not depend entirely on the structure simple or complex carbohydrates, it depends on other factors. The glycemic index reflects this magnitude.

Is There a Rheumatoid Arthritis Natural Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis Natural Treatment

Is there a rheumatoid arthritis natural treatment?

Is there just one or are there many rheumatoid arthritis natural treatments? What are they? How effective are they? Are these complete cures or do they put arthritis into remission?

The protocol listed below is a summary of months of research, the summary of many experiments and clinical studies. Gelatin is made of collagen, the raw material in joints and connective tissue. A restaurant food supplier selling unsweetened gelatin in pound or kilogram (2.2 pounds) quantities is the cheapest source.

Gelatin is very similar in structure to the collagen type 2 that composes connective tissues including cartilage. The theory with using gelatin as a remedy for arthritis is that as a precursor to cartilage the gelatin prevents arthritic damage from occurring and supports the body to repair existing damage.

In a Harvard study, a heaping tablespoon of gelatin daily put arthritis into remission for 28 out of 29 patients. Remission occurred within 90 days. Gelatin is usually a very safe product with a few people reporting stomach upset very rarely. The daily dosage is a heaping tablespoon of gelatin in water or juice. Vitamin C may be mixed into the gelatin.

Preparation of the gelatin: Fill a glass one quarter full with cold water; tap water temperature is fine. Sprinkle the heaping tablespoon of gelatin on the water and let it sit for 2 to 3 minutes. Add about a quarter of a glass of hot tap water, not boiling water. Stir well. Add a quarter of a glass of cold water and stir again. Drink.

This portion of the rheumatoid arthritis remedy protocol is particularly important for people who drastically limit their red meat intake.

Pharmaceutical grade vs. food-grade fish oil Fish oil should reduce the inflammation of arthritis. Clinical studies and academic experiments over the last 200 years have consistently indicated rheumatoid arthritis relief is one of many benefits from fish oil.

At this time there is no standardized definition in the USA to differentiate between pharmaceutical grade and food grade fish oil.

An analysis of nine studies of rheumatoid arthritis sufferers taking omega-3s showed no reduction in joint damage but the number of tender joints decreased. In six of the studies, people with rheumatoid arthritis were able to reduce their use of NSAIDs or corticosteroids. Additionally, a 2005 study of people with rheumatoid arthritis indicated increased positive benefits when fish oil supplements were used in combination with olive oil used in everyday cooking.

Symptoms are dose dependent in that most people that “try” fish oil for rheumatoid arthritis relief only takes 1 or 2 capsules daily. A typical high-grade fish oil capsule at 30% polyunsaturated fatty acid would require 9 – 10 capsules a day to achieve the basal minimum dosage.

A small number of people report abdominal cramps and diarrhea when taking this amount, 9 – 10 capsules daily, of fish oil. Fish oil products that contain high quantities of vitamin A and D, which could be toxic in high quantities, should not be used.

Since there are some pharmaceutical grade and food grade fish oil formulations that contain as much as 50% polyunsaturated fatty acids, be sure to verify the amount on the label. Adjust the number of capsules accordingly.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids inhibit blood clotting; avoid taking fish oil supplements before and after surgery. Fish oil may have a “laxative effect” at different dosages on some people. Consult your health care professional before beginning any supplements.

Green Tea China, Japan, and India are countries where green tea is regarded as a healthy beverage with the potential to prevent certain diseases. These countries have a much lower rate of rheumatoid arthritis than elsewhere around the world.

A study at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio, USA discovered that mice which were fed green tea were significantly less susceptible to developing arthritis than the mice fed plain water. The test group of mice fed green tea did develop arthritis; however, it occurred as late onset and mild. Eight of 18, or 44%, of the mice receiving green tea, developed arthritis while 17 out of 18, or 94%, of the control group mice, fed water developed arthritis.

The study concluded that the green tea effect was dramatic.

The green tea used for the polyphenols was regular, not decaffeinated. This part of the procedure may not be advisable for people that have to restrict their intake of caffeine.

Diet Many people feel that diet is the foundation upon which a person suffering from rheumatoid arthritis builds.

In other words, start with your everyday diet; modify it as much as possible to be supportive and preventive. Particularly your everyday diet must not lead to being overweight! (Why add more pounds to those poor stressed out bones and joints.)

Then, add the glycerin. After 10 to 14 days add the fish oil remedy in addition to the glycerin, after another 2 weeks add green tea to the glycerin and fish oil, etc.

Most of these simple, safe and relatively inexpensive rheumatoid arthritis remedies shown in this remedy protocol are effective to some degree for some people, perhaps a majority of people. They certainly will not be effective for everyone all the time. Consequently, testimonials are of limited use. This rheumatoid arthritis remedy protocol is designed specifically as an incremental protocol where the sufferer modifies their everyday diet and then adds one remedy, then another, then another, etc.

Relieve Hormonal Symptoms Of Menopause With A Natural Food Diet

Looking for more natural ways to help with the symptoms of menopause? Many natural remedies can relieve and even eliminate the common symptoms of these conditions. During menopause, women often experience uncomfortable symptoms. Hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, irregular, changes in bleeding and loss of sexual desire are some of the most common. Recently, studies have shown that hormone replacement therapy is not as safe as originally believed, so many women are looking to natural remedies with a great deal of success.

 

Black Cohosh has been used for centuries to help women with menopausal symptoms and is most effective in treating hot flashes. It seems to have some ability to mimic estrogen in the body, relieving the hot flashes and mood swings that plague so many women. Limiting caffeine will help with your symptoms as well. Herbal teas, and using onion, garlic and lemon instead of salt should help as well. One study at UCLA noted that garlic halted the advance of heart disease in post-menopausal women.

 

Soy, shown to be beneficial in so many areas, helps with menopausal symptoms as well. Soy has a natural estrogen-like compound that helps balance hormones.

Chickpeas, lentils, and tofu will provide the same benefits. Complex carbohydrates like brown rice will also help regulate the amount of estrogen in your system.

Ensuring that you are receiving a sufficient amount of essential fatty acids by eating oils, nuts, seeds and oily fish will help relieve vaginal dryness and keep the skin supple. More and more women are seeking natural therapies for symptoms of menopause. Try these simple and natural food remedies today.

Want To Learn More About Injectable Fillers? Keep Reading!

Injectable,Fillers

Injectable fillers also referred to as dermal fillers are used during minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. These injectable dermal fillers are used to remove wrinkles, soften facial features, plump up thin lips, improve the look of scars and enhance shallow contours in the face. Using dermal fillers can give your face a youthful fullness and leave many people wondering if you have had a facelift. In fact, some people refer to the use of dermal fillers as liquid facelifts because they offer many of the same benefits of surgical facelifts without surgery. Using dermal fillers, such as Juvederm, can make a dramatic difference in your appearance. They add volume and offer many of the benefits associated with surgical facelifts for much lower cost and without an extended downtime and recovery. These dermal fillers can also be used in concert with other treatments to rejuvenate the skin. The treatment lasts for several months and is easy to touch up.

There are many types of injectable fillers. Juvederm is identified as a “next generation” facial filler. This filler is part of a group known as temporary dermal fillers.The injectable fillers are semi-permanent and last for several months. They require future treatments to maintain, however, if you don’t like the look, you don’t need to worry about the treatment being permanent. Brands like Juvederm are used by physicians for acne or another scar removal, lip augmentation, the filling of wrinkles, the treatment of dark or puffy areas under the eyes and cheek augmentation. Juvederm also contains lidocaine to help with any discomfort a patient feels during the procedure. The procedures don’t take long to complete, often people stop in for a treatment on their lunch break or on their way home from work.There are a number of types of dermal fillers as well. One natural substance which can be used as dermal fillers is collagen. This protein can be harvested from human or bovine sources. Studies have shown that repeat dermal injection can naturally stimulate collagen growth over time.This is used to fill very deep creases including frown lines and nasolabial folds. Juvederm is also comprised of hyaluronic acid- a naturally occurring substance in the body.  When injected it makes the body produce collagen.

This new approach to anti-aging techniques looks beyond creases in the skin and focuses on fullness and contour, which is lost when we age. Dr. Camille Angeles, the medical affairs manager for Facial Aesthetics of Allergan, explains, “If we look at the face of a young person, it is not only free of lines. More than that, it is soft and supple, and plump where skin depth is needed, like the cheeks,” she states in an article from The Philippine Star. “Suddenly, the eyes don’t look sad or tired anymore, and the marionette lines and nasolabial folds become less prominent,” Dr. Angeles shares. Many people elect to use injectable fillers because they can remove lines and wrinkles in a matter of minutes and the results can last from 4 to 12 months or more. Doctors can choose from several different substances. The result is that the facial line or creases almost miraculously disappear.

Author Bio:

Blogger Brooklynn Donaghue has been writing about the cosmetic and beauty industry for years, and in her blogs, her followers can find out about the benefits of the latest cosmetic treatments in the industry. While there are many places to go for treatments, Brooklynn personally recommends visiting a Skin Vitality Medical Clinic in Toronto as she believes they are the best clinic for Botox treatments in the city.

Three Great Automated Massage Products For Relieving Back And Neck Pain

Relieving Back And Neck Pain

It is a fact that people have been forced to deal with backache of one kind or another for hundreds (if not thousands) of years. Up until relatively recently though, the most an afflicted individual could do to relieve their back pain was either bathe in a refreshing spa or seek out the services of a skilled masseuse. Fortunately, things are a little bit different these days. Indeed, people suffering from back pain in the 21st century don’t need to rely on thermal springs or massage therapists as there are a wealth of electric back massager products now available which can be used on an as and when basis in the comfort and privacy of persons own home.

In fact, there are now so many automated back pain relief options available that choosing one to suit an individual’s needs can actually be something of a challenge, especially for people who know relatively little about the market and/or the true nature of their complaint (a consultation with a GP should clear this up). So what are the best consumer products for helping to relieve back and neck pain? Well, whilst there is no way to categorically say whether a certain product will categorically be the best for every single individual afflicted with back and/or neck pain; it is fair to say the following options are widely considered to be three of the most popular – and effective- automatic back massage products currently available.

Hand-held massagers

Hand held massagers are some of the most economical massage devices on the market. The handles for these vibrating and some cases oscillating winds vary in length, measuring anywhere from 2-18 inches. Models with longer handles provide greater flexibility as they enable users to reach areas of their mid and lower back. The main advantage of handheld massagers is that they are very compact and therefore highly portable.

Electric massage collars

The electric massage collar is a wide, weighted collar which sits around the neck and shoulders. The majority of the massaging action takes place in the back of the collar, as rolling and pulsating rods comprehensively knead the muscles of the users mid and upper-back. Though not as compact as hand-held devices, electric massage collars are still relatively portable.

Massage chair pads

The main draw of an electric massage chair pad is that it is one of the few semi-portable automated devices which is able to provide users with a massage that focuses on the entire back. Indeed, there are precious few electric massage gadgets around that can give afflicted individuals such a comprehensive, hands-free back massage experience. Massage chair pads can be fixed to chairs of all sizes so people with back pain can use them in their home or place of work. If required, massage pad devices can also be sat on (to help relieve lower back and coccyx pain) or placed under the legs (for thigh and sciatica pain relief).

Small Firms Urged to Watch Out for Worker Back Pain

Worker Back Pain

Office furniture serves a crucial purpose. Without it, people simply would not be able to perform their roles in the workplace. Also, good quality desks, tables, and other items can help to protect worker wellbeing. These days, individuals tend to spend long hours at their desks and so it is important that their workstations are of a high standard. For example, comfortable seating that helps to promote good posture is a must. This can help to minimize the risk that individuals will suffer back pain and other musculoskeletal issues. To get their hands on the ideal products, bosses may have to spend some money. However, this should prove to be a wise investment. After all, it can help them avoid furniture at work complaints. Furthermore, impressive office furniture can boost employee morale and it can even help firms to recruit and retain the best personnel. More info about skin care treatments.

The issue of worker back pain was recently highlighted by Derbyshire health chiefs and the Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire Chamber of Commerce. Experts noted that back pain is one of the most common causes of long-term sickness absence among workers in the UK. Indeed, it is second only to stress. Companies in the area have been urged to seek advice from BackCare, a charity that promotes healthier backs. They also encouraged managers to make sure that office furniture and equipment does not cause back pain. Those behind the campaign went on to point out that a quarter of all sickness absences in the UK are a result of back musculoskeletal disorders, including a backache. This equates to a total of 35 million working days lost.

According to the health chiefs and the Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire Chamber of Commerce, the cost to business of musculoskeletal disorders is around two per cent of GDP. This equates to £7.6 billion per year. As well as office workers, carers can be affected by back problems, it was noted. Commenting on the issue Avi Bhatia, chair of NHS Erewash Clinical Commissioning Group, said: “Back pain can be caused by many work situations, so employers have a duty in consulting regularly with their staff about their health and wellbeing, carrying out risk assessments and responding promptly when individual worker reports back pain.

Meanwhile, George Cowcher, chief executive of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire Chamber of Commerce, added: “Absence for whatever reason impacts on all businesses. Available evidence suggests that the bigger the company the more sick day’s workers will take but it is in smaller firms that the absence has the greater impact as there is less likelihood of having staff available to cover the absent person’s work. It is essential that proper ergonomic studies are carried out, whatever the industry, to reduce the risk of work-related injury, which can include a backache.”

These days, it is simple for bosses to buy good quality desks and chairs over the web, meaning they should be able to avoid furniture at work problems. Some may choose to conduct furniture at work reviews to help them identify any problems.